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Mozambique

Country overview

Macro-economic and population profile[1]

GDP per capita (USD) (2016) 382.10
Inflation, GDP deflator (annual %) (2016) 12.2
Agriculture, value added (% of GDP) (2016) 25
Industry value added (% of GDP) (2016) 22
Services value added (% of GDP) (2016) 54
Foreign Direct Investment, net inflows (Balance of Payments, current USD) (millions) (2016) 3,128
Country population (2016) 29.7 million
Poverty headcount ratio at national poverty lines (% of population) (2016) 46.1
Urban population growth (annual %) (2016) 3.8
World Bank ease of doing business ranking (out of 190 countries)[2] 138

Malaria burden and funding profile[3]

Estimated number of malaria cases (2017) 10,025,823
Population at risk (2017) 29,668,838
Key national malaria control targets Reduce prevalence from the current figure of 40 % to 24 % by 2022
Total need (essential commodities + supporting interventions) (2018-2020) (USD) 318,260,438                  
Total committed (essential commodities + supporting interventions) (2018-2020) (USD) 231,865,050
Total gap in funding (essential commodities + supporting interventions) (2018-2020)(USD) 86,395,388

Sources of funding:

 

Overview of country economy and private sector landscape

Mozambique gained independence from Portugal in 1975, but is still recovering from the effects of a 16-year civil war that ended in 1992. Despite recent economic growth, more than half of Mozambique's 24 million people continue to live below the poverty line.

While the private sector landscape in Mozambique suffered for years during the civil war, the country’s prospects are now considered more favourable for promoting the private sector as a major tool to accelerate development and contribute to poverty alleviation.[4] The African Development Bank (ADB) has established support to private sector development as one of its key medium-term strategic objectives for Mozambique. Over the past ten years Mozambique has attracted investors in several “mega-projects”, concentrated in the energy (Cahora Bassa, Pande/Temane gas fields), industrial (Mozal Aluminum plant) and mining sectors (Moatize coal mines). Mozambique’s economy is deeply dependent on South African markets, with many of the major companies (Mozal, Standard Bank, the Maputo Corridor, the main brewery, etc.) being subsidiaries of South African companies.


[1] Sources: World Bank Development Indicators, accessed at: http://databank.worldbank.org/data/embed-int/CountryProfile/id/b450fd57 on 17th June 2018; and World Bank Doing Business Reports, accessed at http://www.doingbusiness.org/reports on 17th June 2018.

[2] A ranking of 1 would equate to the highest ease of doing business, with a regulatory environment conducive to the starting and operation of a local firm.

[3] Sources: World Malaria Report 2018, accessed at http://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/handle/10665/275867/9789241565653-eng.pdf?ua=1 on 3rd December 2018; and Roll Back Malaria Funding Gap Analysis 2017, accessed at on https://rollbackmalaria.com/news/gap-analysis-shows-us10-billion-is-required-by-2020-to-fully-implement-national-malaria-plans-in-35-countries/ on 5th June 2018.

[4] AFDB. Mozambique private sector country profile. 2008. Accessed at: https://www.afdb.org/fileadmin/uploads/afdb/Documents/Evaluation-Reports-_Shared-With-OPEV_/ADB-BD-IF-2008-228-EN-MOZAMBIQUE-PRIVATE-SECTOR-COUNTRY-PROFILE-AUGUST-2008.PDF on June 14th 2018.