Country overview

Macro-economic and population profile[1]

GDP per capita (USD) (2016) 1,374.50
Inflation, GDP deflator (annual %) (2016) 0.0
Agriculture, value added (% of GDP) (2016) 17
Industry value added (% of GDP) (2016) 27
Services value added (% of GDP) (2016) 57
Foreign Direct Investment, net inflows (Balance of Payments, current USD) (millions) (2016) 664
Country population (2016) 24.1  million
Poverty headcount ratio at national poverty lines (% of population) (2016) 37.5%
Urban population growth (annual %) (2016) 3.6%
World Bank ease of doing business ranking (out of 190 countries)[2] 163

Malaria burden and funding profile[3]

Estimated number of malaria cases (2016) 5,440,000
Malaria incidence/1,000 population at risk (2015) 264
Key national malaria control targets Reduce malaria morbidity and mortality by 75% from 2000 levels by 2018.
Total need (essential commodities + supporting interventions) (2018-2020) (USD) 302,985,136
Total committed (essential commodities + supporting interventions) (2018-2020) (USD) 160,433,535
Total gap in funding (essential commodities + supporting interventions) (2018-2020)(USD) 142,551,601

Sources of funding:



Overview of country economy and private sector landscape

Cameroon was created in 1961 by the unification of two former colonies, one British and one French. The country has significant natural resources, including oil and gas, high-value timber species, minerals, and agricultural products, which is reflected in the scope of private sector enterprise.

The private sector plays an important role in national health funding, with extractive companies appearing as major development partners through their CSR programmes. While these collaborations with the government exist, no formal national platforms for private sector engagement appear to exist.

[1] Sources: World Bank Development Indicators, accessed at: on 17th June 2018; and World Bank Doing Business Reports, accessed at on 17th June 2018.

[2] A ranking of 1 would equate to the highest ease of doing business, with a regulatory environment conducive to the starting and operation of a local firm.

[3] Sources: World Malaria Report 2017, accessed at on 5th June 2018; and Roll Back Malaria Funding Gap Analysis 2017, accessed at on on 5th June 2018.